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How To Choose A Sunscreen So It Doesn't Clog Pores, Whiten, And Just Work
How To Choose A Sunscreen So It Doesn't Clog Pores, Whiten, And Just Work
Video: How To Choose A Sunscreen So It Doesn't Clog Pores, Whiten, And Just Work
Video: Sunscreen for Acne Prone Skin • How to Choose Sunscreens u0026 What to Avoid 2023, February
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Photo: @bellahadid
Photo: @bellahadid

All sun lovers should remember that tanning is a side effect. Protecting ourselves from ultraviolet radiation, our skin produces a pigment - melanin, which causes it to darken. The main culprits are UVA and UVB rays, they have different lengths and, accordingly, different effects on the skin. UVBs make up only 5% of the sun's ultraviolet radiation and are responsible for burns when you spend too much time in the sun. UVA rays act like a time bomb, penetrating deep into the skin and keeping negative effects in it for the future. They provoke the appearance of age spots, dry skin, enlargement of pores, as well as accelerate the aging process and increase the risk of melanoma.

To protect yourself from all the negative effects of sunburn, you should use sunscreen every day, and do it at any time of the year and in any weather. Even if for 7-8 months you have never seen the sun (which is quite common in Moscow), UVA rays perfectly penetrate the clouds and harm your skin. For the cold season, you can choose a product with a lighter texture, but you should not completely abandon it.

How to choose sunscreen?

Composition

Depending on the main active components in the composition, the funds are divided into physical and chemical. Among the former, you will find titanium dioxide (titanium dioxide) and zinc oxide (zinc oxide). They reflect UV rays like a mirror and do not allow penetration into the skin. Chemical Sanskrins work on a different principle: they do not reflect UV rays, but absorb and transform them. The active substances in the composition are parsol (parsol) 1789 and octocrylene (octocrylene). They sound scary, but they will do nothing but benefit.

Degree of protection

Degree of protection is determined by the numerical value that you see after the letters SPF. It is very important: there is no degree of protection higher than 50; this is nothing more than a marketing ploy for those who are panicky about ultraviolet radiation. So, the most powerful SPF 50 blocks 98% of UVB rays, SPF 30 - 97%, and SPF 15 - 93%. In numbers, the difference is extremely small, but in reality it is huge. Experts do not recommend all owners of fair skin, freckles and a large number of moles to appear in the sun without SPF 50, protection 30 and 15 are suitable for dark skin, although SPF 15 in direct sunlight should not be used at all.

Photo: @melinimartin
Photo: @melinimartin

Other markers

Look for products labeled Broad Spectrum, they block both UVA and UVB. Sometimes there is an abbreviation PA with pluses - it is a protection measurement system applicable in the Asian market.

Dermatologists still recommend choosing a cream with the highest degree of protection and applying it about half an hour before leaving the house. If you are in direct sunlight, it is recommended to renew the product every 1.5-2 hours, it is during this time that it loses its resistance to UVA rays.

For every skin type

Dry and sensitive skin

Dry skin requires a special gentle approach. Choose mild products that offer the greatest protection. Often these sunscreens contain moisturizing and soothing ingredients, oils and antioxidants. By the way, owners of especially delicate skin can use baby cream: it is hypoallergenic, perfectly protects from the sun and does not dry out the skin.

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