Table of contents:
Video: The Most Beautiful Views, The Best Museums And Amazing Places: The Complete Guide To Lisbon
Where to begin
Lisbon is older than Paris and London, although in 1775 a strong earthquake destroyed many buildings that have been rebuilt today. One of the oldest buildings in the city is the medieval Castle of St. George (Castelo de Sao Jorge). It was originally built as a residence for local rulers, later used for military purposes. Apart from the fortress walls and a beautiful view of the city, there was nothing left. And for the views of the city, the observation deck Miradouro da Senhora do Monte with the small Church of the Virgin (Ingreja da Nossa Senhora do Monte), which is visited by pregnant women to safely resolve, is also quite suitable. Another observation deck opens at the top of Parque Eduardo VIIoverlooking the Marquis of Pombal Square and the famous Avenida da Liberdade. In the center of Lisbon, there is the Elevador de Santa Justa in the neo-Gothic style. Two elegant cabins take visitors (€ 5-6) to the city's famous observation deck. You can also get to it from the side of the ruins of the Karma monastery, paying 1.5 euros for the entrance.
The city stands on seven hills, so you should stock up on comfortable shoes for walking. While walking, don't miss the Praça da Figueira, Praça do Comércio, Praça Rossio and Praça dos Restauradores squares, admire the beautiful tiles - azulejos on houses with balconies and flowers, or, passing by small cafes, be sure to listen to the nostalgic melodies of Portuguese romances - fado. If you don't feel like walking, you can take tram number 28 for a ride in the old town.
In Lisbon, it is impossible to bypass all the churches, but be sure to see the Church of St. Vincente (Igreja da Sao Vincente de Fora) on the territory of the Augustinian monastery of the same name - it is dedicated to the patron of the city and was built in 1629. It has an original late Renaissance façade, as well as 18th century tiled wall paintings inside the monastery.
The most elegant palace ensemble is located in Queluz (Palácio Nacional de Queluz, 15 minutes by taxi). The former summer residence of King Don Pedro of Bragança and Maria I is the latest example of Rococo architecture in Europe. In the main building, you should definitely look into the cave-like music hall, the throne room by Jean-Baptiste Robillon and the king's bedroom, where the dome structure is supported by columns of mirrored glass depicting scenes from Don Quixote. The palace is adjacent to a park and a canal tiled with azulejo tiles.
There are even more museums in Lisbon than churches. The most famous is the National Museum of Ancient Art (Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga), founded in 1884. His collection is housed in a 17th century palace with a small garden, which today is a cafe. On the west side of the museum adjoined the convent of the Carmelite order, which after the death of the last nun was also given over to the museum. The museum has some pretty good Portuguese painting and applied arts. The European collection, with the exception of one painting by Hieronymus Bosch and a few Italians, is very modest.
A more interesting meeting is at the Gulbenkian Foundation (Fundação Calouste Gulbekian, Av. De Berna, 45A), which was founded in 1956 by an Armenian oil magnate. Its complex includes an amphitheater, library, exhibition grounds, a park and two museums of classical and contemporary art. The classical art section has a fine collection of French art, as well as old masters such as Rubens and Rembrandt. Contemporary art is more curious at the Chiado Museum (Museu do Chiado, Rua Serpa Pinto, 4) in the famous checkerboard-style area of Baixa. Fashion lovers should head to the Design and Fashion Museum(MUDE, R. Augusta 24) in a former bank building. In addition to objects of European design and fashion (Pierre Balmain, Paco Rabanne, and others) and a huge collection of designer glasses, the museum displays dresses and accessories of fado singers, in particular Amalia Rodriguez.
The entrance to Lisbon from the Atlantic is guarded by the Tower of Belém (Torre de Belém) of the early 16th century, built by order of King Manuel I. Manuel's reign was marked by the heyday of Portugal as a sea power and a period of prosperity, so the king was nicknamed "Happy", and the style of his buildings - " Manueline " />Monastery of Jironimos (Mosteiro dos Jerónimos) - the tomb of the Portuguese kings in the same style - Manueline. Both buildings are under the protection of UNESCO. Near the monastery is the famous pastry shop Pasteis de Belémfor making pastel de nata cakes with vanilla cream-pudding, powdered sugar and cinnamon. The recipe for sweets was created in the Zhironimush monastery, but on the eve of its closure, the monks sold the secret to the owner of a neighboring sugar factory, who opened the famous cafe in 1837. It is better to come to the pastry shop in the morning or after 5-6 pm in order to avoid waiting for a table for many hours.
Where to live and what to eat
- If you want to live in a luxurious home in the old part of the city, you should stay at the Belmonte Palace (Palacio Belmonte). Italian diva Monica Bellucci and shoe couturier Christian Louboutin have already bought houses nearby. The director Wim Wenders, as well as actors Jeremy Irons and Marcello Mastroianni, liked to stay and work in the palace itself.
- For lovers of spacious accommodations, we recommend staying at the local Ritz (Four Seasons Ritz), built in the 1950s by order of the dictator Salazar. The hotel is located on a hill surrounded by several parks and at Svoboda Avenue.
- A great location for those planning to explore Lisbon on foot is the Pousada de Lisboa. The hotel is located near Praça do Comércio and Baixa in a former ministry building. In the current Dom Pérignon suite, politicians used to meet to negotiate, leaving behind wooden panels and a library.
- The Michelin-starred Feitoria restaurant is perfect for fine dining. Freshly pickled lobsters are ground before the eyes of surprised visitors, or a snowy bonsai tree grows, from which "dessert leaves" hang. The food presentation turns into a real show here. For lunch you can go to the Alma restaurant. It is located in the famous Baixa, which is on the way to any of the attractions in the city. The cost of the menu does not exceed 100 euros, but the foie gras, risotto and desserts are excellent here. Japanese and Peruvian cuisines are popular among fish restaurants. We recommend tasting the latter at Segundo Muelle. There will be few visitors during the day, and the "classic ceviche" />
- Read more about restaurants and cafes in the article "Gastronomic Lisbon".
What to buy
It is customary to bring home textiles, ceramics and leather goods from Portugal. Luvaria Ulisses offers stylish handmade leather gloves at an affordable price. Exclusive Portuguese shoes are sold at the Luis Onofre boutique on Liberty Avenue. Hats are best purchased at Chapelaria Azevedo in Don Pedro IV Square. In the same square, there is a funny shop O Mundo Fantastico da Sardinha Portuguesa, where you can buy collectible jars of the famous Portuguese sardines. For fine ceramics and china, head to Vista Alegre (Lago do Chiado 20-23) or Bordallo Pinheiro (Av. Guerra Junqueiro 28D), while home textiles and more can be found at A Vida Portuguesa.
Text: TATIANA ROSENSTEIN
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